Doing Collaborations The Right Way

What You Need to Know About Online collaborating Tools

Online collaborating tools provide a platform on which an entrepreneur can facilitate meetings with his or her team where attendees are in different locations of the country or the world. They make it easy for people to exchange their ideas and interact with each other on important matters about the business regardless of their geographical locations.

Online collaborating tools are beneficial because they ease operations. They allow employees to work flexibly with each other from anywhere in the world. This makes a company’s employees work efficiently as they can utilize each other’s input in their assignments while they are in various parts of the world.

Online collaborating tools preserve a company’s capital. The costs of traveling back and forth because an employee must be present at a particular meeting to give their views in the company are reduced significantly by holding meetings online. Online meetings are cheaper than transportation costs and allowances over time.

Travelling less, saves time for a business as well. Travelling from one part of the globe to the other to attend meetings can take a day or two, while requesting a meeting online could take an hour or less for everyone to be available. Online meetings save a company’s time, and they can use it to do other essential things.

Employees are less troubled when they have to travel less. Travelling for work makes employees feel stressed out by various elements, and it can take a toll on them over time. When employees travel for work for long they get tired and affected by their constant separation from their families and friends. Online collaborating tools allow a company to employ staff or relocate them in the areas where they do business and have an online convergence with them to discuss business.

There are a number of things that you must put in mind when selecting online collaborating tools. One, seek to find collaborating tools that can solve your needs efficiently. Ensure that the tools you select can be used efficiently on your computer’s operating system. Choose those tools that can be adjusted to match your business processes better.

The choice for online collaborating system should be secure and yielding to top firewall protection systems. This is what keeps your company’s data and systems protected. Ideal online collaborating systems must also have excellent back up and storage to accommodate your company’s data. Insufficient back up and storage facilities put your business’s data at the risk of loss.

Make sure that your Internet system has an adequate bandwidth to support the collaborating tools. Besides that, make sure that you go for an affordable collaborating system. The collaborating tools go for different prices, you must select one that is within your budget.

Why not learn more about Schools?

Apple Montessori Schools in Hoboken

The initial childhood growth starts from the day you were brought to this world upto six years of age. The child has what can be referred as the absorbent mind. The child can intake a lot of information from the environment. To ensure that your kid gets the best, give him the best learning environment ever. The Apple Montessori schools Hoboken is where your child gets the best childhood education. They help take care of children aged between six weeks to six years. During this period, they expose your child to the most suitable environment and allow them to stay focused.

During the infancy stage, the child just needs care to ensure that he grows healthy. A child that is above six months will be very receptive to communication in the form of sight and sound. As a toddler, doing what other people are doing is a big goal. They want to do some things like talk, laugh and hold items. It is at this that they appreciate the environment and people. It is very wise to ensure that your child has the right environment to do these things. Denying the kid the chance to do these things will affect his/her growth in the next stage of life. When you take the toddler to the right school, he/she will learn to be a happy and healthy kid.

The child enters the kid stage after the toddler stage. At this stage, the child wants to get freedom to do things that were done by other people on his behalf. For instance, the kid would want to take food from the plate and feed himself rather than have someone feed him to the mouth. The child would want to do some things his own way. The child shows favoritism to some things at this stage. In case the child dislike something, he won’t do it and will shun it.

He will always want to do in what he enjoys doing. The child starts to learn more communication as he gets to three years. The child can master some songs. It will be easier now for the child to be taught by a teacher on different subjects. The can understand letters, symbols, numbers, and images.

Children who get the right education at this age can make better decisions even later in life. It is very important to give your child a strong foundation. This will translate to joy as a parent while giving a solid walking ground to your child. Such a child will find it easy to socialize with other people they come across as they grow up.

10 Tips For A Quick Property Sale

A few years ago, when the property market was booming, you probably would have had a buyer for your home before the listing had even appeared in the estate agent’s window. But times have changed and if you want a quick house sale in the current economic climate, you need to do everything possible to attract a potential buyer.

10 tips for a quick property sale

1. Tidy it up! Potential buyers don’t want to see clutter and mess everywhere—it detracts from the important features in your home and makes small rooms look even smaller. Box up miscellaneous clutter and get rid of extra pieces of furniture until you have a sale.

2. Bedrooms are always an important selling point so if you have a bedroom currently being used as a study or playroom, put a bed back in there to ensure your home appeals to families. However, if you are hoping to appeal to young professionals, highlight potential home office space instead.

3. Decorate! You don’t need to go mad and have a new kitchen/bathroom fitted, but a lick of paint and some new carpet and curtains will help attract potential buyers, particularly if the property is looking a bit worn around the edges. And if you do decorate, stick to plain, light colours to create a feeling of space.

4. If there are any DIY jobs you have been putting off for years, bite the bullet and do them! Leaky gutters and a broken tile might seem unimportant to you, but they could be enough to put a buyer off, so fix them.

5. Kerb appeal is very important when selling houses—stand outside and look at your home from a buyer’s perspective: if the first thing you see is a lot of weeds and the recycling bins spilling out on to the driveway, it’s not a good look. So tidy up the garden, cut the lawn, plant some flowers, and add a hanging basket or two.

6. Don’t overprice your property—it may sound obvious, but too many people think their property is worth more than the current market value, and then wonder why nobody is coming to view. Do some research to see what other properties in your area are selling for, and then obtain several valuations to help you agree on a realistic selling price for your property.

7. In order to sell a property, it needs to be marketed well, so choose your estate agent carefully. Look around and see which agent is active in your area and pick the one you feel has the best motivation to sell your home.

8. Although you are likely to be paying an estate agent to sell your property, it doesn’t hurt to put the word out there yourself—tell everyone and anyone you are selling, and if you are lucky, someone might have a friend or colleague looking for property just like yours.

9. Once you have a viewing lined up, clean your home from top to bottom, keep pets and kids out of the way, and avoid making nasty cooking smells five minutes before your buyers show up.

10. Make your buyers feel welcome when they come for a viewing. Offer them a drink and have information to hand about local schools and other important amenities. It doesn’t hurt to dig some utility bills out either, just in case they ask.

Selling a property fast is not an exact science, but you can certainly maximise your chances of attracting a buyer quickly by selling at the right price and offering them a clean, tidy and attractive home!

Buying Your Dream Home: 5 Steps

With the housing market in a state of shock, and jumping through the necessary hoops to get that crucial mortgage being hard, buying your dream home may feel like it’s at an unattainable reach. Think again.

Here are the 5 most important step you can start taking today to achieving your dream and purchase that home. All these factors presented are of fundamental importance but when followed will place you firmly on the path to success.

1. Shape up financially
Shake off the burden of debt as quickly as possible. Plan how you will get debt free or at a minimum only have a small bank overdraft (with low interest rate). Always start by paying off the debt with the highest interest rates. Have completion date and stick to it.

Learn to budget, how to stick with it, and start using one today. Make saving an essential part of the budget. The two easiest ways to save money is to get debt free and learn to spend less, consider doing both.

2. Location
Using websites online you can quickly find the crime rate, the average wages, and the change in house prices over the last five years. Certain areas or streets perform better than other, research more why this has occurred in those areas.

Take time to drive around the neighbour to get a feel for the area. See if you can locate a good school (within walking distance), supermarket and local convenience store (check the hours) and of course you can check things like play parks, pubs etc too! See how many house look abandoned or in a bad state. Lastly, how far are you from the office? How easy is it for you to get the train (if you work away a lot) or to the shops?

3. Let the Hunt Begin
Search high and low for properties on the market; make a list of what takes you’re fancy and what rubs you up the wrong way.

When you have a list of what features you are looking for and potential neighbours, then you are ready to find estate agents and let the house hunting begin! Stay focus on what you are after and your price range.

4. Find a Mortgage
Study the types, feature and interest rates currently available on mortgages. Do not rely on the mortgage lender to give you advice, make sure you know all the facts for yourself. Remember it’s their job to sell products. Also when comparing mortgages and their terms, do check how they compare online.

5. Buy
As this is a long term purchase, do not get caught up with short term ideas or see this purchase as a quick way to make money. With that in mind, make sure you pay a fair price and have the confidence to ask for a discount if needed.

Trust the information presented in the home survey, and weigh up if you can afford to take major problems should any arise. In these situation it good to know you can walk away.

Residential Appraisers– Exactly what They Search For

When proceeding through a mortgage refinance, one step in the process is getting an appraisal of your home. An appraisal is a written judgment of the current market value of your property. Mortgage lenders will utilize an appraisal to ascertain the amount someone qualifies for the mortgage. The appraisal will also ascertain the amount of equity there is in a home. It provides a judgment of the price that could be obtained by selling the property. An appraisal is an important step when refinancing existing mortgage on the grounds that it reassures the lender or bank that the property will sell for at minimum the value that they will be granting as a home loan. This safeguards them in the event of a mortgage default by ensuring they will receive their money back if they need to repossess the home and sell it.

The mortgage lender will routinely arrange for the appraisal. It frequently relies on the mortgage company’s protocol for obtaining appraisals. A home appraisal is different from a home inspection. Appraisers identify value in a home. Lenders must know the home is worth what you want to borrow. The appraiser is a certified professional that will do a market analysis of the sale price of a home. The appraisal will entail an extensive evaluation of your home inside and out.

Appraisals more often than not include: assessing the condition of your home, details of the property, a comparison of the property with other homes in the community, an evaluation of the real estate market in the neighborhood, the type of area where the property is located, and an estimation of how long it will take to sell.

The appraiser will examine the actual home. They will measure the exterior of your home, assess the inside, take photos of both the outside and interior and figure out a market price for your home based on the most current preceding sales of close-by houses. The aspects which influence a home value include things like: kitchen, number of bedrooms, size of rooms, finished basement, new roof, number of bathrooms, new windows, and a solid foundation. They will also measure the property line to obtain the amount of square feet outside. They will at that point notify the lender or person who called for the appraisal. The lender uses all of the information to decide the amount of the refinance mortgage.

The appraiser’s evaluation of a home is a tremendously vital part of refinancing a mortgage. It is vital to tell the appraiser of any new additions for instance a garage or patio deck. Before an appraiser arrives, ensure that that you have all repair works concluded that can bear upon the value of your property.

4 Things To Consider Before Selling Your Home

  • When beginning the process of selling your home normal questions like how to get the best price for my property and whether or not to use a real estate agent immediately come to mind for most sellers. Whether you’re a first time home seller or a seasoned home selling veteran the process of selling a home will inevitably be challenging and complex. The best plan for any home seller is to prepare a home selling strategy before putting a home on the market. In this article you will be a given a home sale strategy that will help get you moving in the right direction.

    Why Sell Your Home? – Before selling your home, it is essential to know and understand why you’ve decided to sell. Homeowners choose to sell their homes for many different reasons. Common reasons are because they’ve outgrown the home, they’ve changed jobs, or something as simple as they need a change of scenery. No matter what the reason may be, a home-seller should always be aware of what their motivation is to sell their home. Understanding the motives to sell will make difficult parts of the real estate transaction more tolerable.

  • What’s The Home’s Value? – The first thing every home seller wants to know is how much their home is worth. Knowing the value of your house is usually the most important factor in the decision of whether or not to sell a home. The two most reliable ways to determine a property’s value are 1) opinions from real estate agents and 2) appraisals. A real estate agent can usually tell you what the home will sell for and the appraisal can give you an idea of how much the property will appraise for when the new buyers attempt to obtain a mortgage. Sellers are always shocked and upset when their house appraises below the asking price or agreed upon sale price because the end result is usually a price reduction by the seller. The best way to avoid future disappointment is researching value before listing.
  • What To Do Before Listing? – To avoid issues with the sale of the home the best course of action is a pre-listing inspection. Home inspections will give the home seller an idea of which items or systems in the house need repairs and allow the opportunity to make the repairs before the home is listed for sale. Pre-listing inspections allow the seller to avoid difficult buyer inspection negotiations and will make the overall transaction smooth.
  • Choose A Local Real Estate Agent To Represent You – When a home seller finally decides to sell their home the absolute best decision is to use a local real estate agent to list the property and assist with the subsequent negotiation and sale. Local real estate agents have an intimate knowledge of the local market and how to best market and advertise properties to the local community. Good real estate agents will show home owners comparable sales, pending sales, and active competition. Once an offer is received the real estate agent will evaluate and present the purchase offer, advise on how to negotiate, and oversee the transaction from contract to close. Find an agent you trust and let them do their job!

The Home Buying Process Explained

Many times buyers, especially first time home buyers, are interested in a brief overview of the process of buying. This article attempts to outline the steps of the home buying process from beginning to end.

Step 1: Find A Real Estate Agent – I firmly believe that smart, successful people surround themselves with smart, experienced experts that can help guide them to a well thought out decision. If you don’t buy and sell Real Estate every day all day for a living, how could you possibly understand the Real Estate home buying process and all of the nuances and intricacies of the available inventory, purchase contract, title insurance and mortgage process? How could you possibly know what a good deal or a great deal looks like? You can’t! Get referrals from friends, use Google to search, go to open houses and keep looking until you find someone you feel has the experience, resume and personality to represent you and your interests. It costs the home buyer NOTHING and can save you a great deal of stress in the long run.

Step 2: Get Preapproved – Getting a preapproval or prequalification should always be the very first step when preparing to purchase Real Estate, but not surprisingly most home buyers begin searching for homes before they really know what they can afford to spend. I made getting preapproved step 2 of the real estate home buying process only because many times the best lender recommendations will come from your real estate agent. The housing market crash has created an ever changing lending environment that is difficult for even full time real estate professionals to keep up with. Lending requirements change, PMI and MIP charges increase, loan limits increase and decrease, condos become unwarrantable and interest rates fluctuate every day. The only accurate way to have a realistic idea of your borrowing power is by getting preapproved by a reputable lender. Remember too that just because you can afford to spend a certain amount does not mean you have to spend that amount. Determine a monthly payment you are comfortable with and only look at homes with prices that fall into that monthly payment range.

Step 3: Create A Hierarchy Of Needs and Wants – Most buyers of real estate are not sure what they ultimately want other than they know they want a great deal. Buyers should consider all of their needs and wants before looking at any homes. Items up for consideration are: price, monthly payment, beds/baths, square footage, outdoor space, school district, parking, location, walkability, floorplan and neighborhood. Be realistic about what you can afford and then determine what features are essential, and which would be nice but are not deal breakers. Be prepared to decide if you would rather have your dream home in your second or third favorite neighborhood or a nice home in your favorite neighborhood.

Step 4: Search For Real Estate – If you’re working with a Real Estate Agent he or she should be searching the MLS for new listings on a daily basis. You shouldn’t have to send properties to your agent; your agent should be emailing you properties. If you have a proactive, hands on personality and you want to be involved in the search process there are numerous local and national real estate websites that offer free access to the entire MLS. I recommend www.CenterCityTeam.com. Pay careful attention to all of the home’s details, not just the price. Variables like real estate taxes, condo fees, HOA fees, building maintenance fees (co-ops) and amenities like a pool, gym, and parking can affect affordability considerations and must be carefully compared between properties.

Step 5: Submitting An Offer – Submitting an offer can seem intimidating, especially to first time home buyers, but if done correctly there is little risk involved. The standard Pennsylvania agreement of sale includes contingencies that allow the buyer to terminate a signed purchase contract without penalty under certain circumstances. The usual contingencies are for a mortgage, inspections, and an appraisal but there many others that can be included to protect the buyer if needed. If you need to sell a home before making a purchase let your agent know that you will need a home sale contingency. Be open and honest with your real estate agent so he or she can make sure you are 100% protected by the purchase agreement. Research relevant comparable home sales and try to determine a fair price range to pay for the home. Find out what the average asking price to sale price ratio in the home’s neighborhood has been for the past 3-6 months and make sure your initial offer makes sense. Finally, try to make your offer as appealing to the Seller as possible without compromising any of your interests or goals.

Step 6: Accepted Offer – Time to celebrate right? Wrong! Getting your offer accepted is the beginning of the due diligence process, not the end. The contingency periods allow you to inspect the home, shop around for mortgages and perform all of your due diligence on the home. Make sure that the home and all of its systems are in the condition they appear to be. Talk to two or three reputable lenders and make sure you can obtain a loan with an interest rate and fees that you can afford. Contact an insurance company and get quotes for home owner’s insurance and a title insurance company to order title insurance. The lender you select will hire an appraiser to perform an appraisal of the property. Your real estate agent is responsible for overseeing the transaction, coordinating with the lender, the title insurance company, the homeowner’s insurance company and providing any recommendations you need along the way.

Step 7: Settlement – If your real estate Agent has done his job well settlement will be a fun and relaxed atmosphere. Prior to settlement you should perform a pre-settlement walk through to make sure the home is in the same condition as when you signed the purchase contract. Make sure all agreed upon repairs were completed and that there is no new damage to the property. Prior to settlement you should also contact the utility companies that provide electric, gas, and cable/internet. In this means you will contact PECO, PGW and Comcast. The title company will handle the transfer of water and sewer. All you will need to bring to settlement is a check for the amount needed at closing and your state issued identification. Once all the paperwork is signed you can relax and celebrate. Now you are officially a home owner!

Choosing The Right Real Estate Agent For Your Needs

Buying real estate has been regarded as a wise investment throughout history. As the saying goes, land is always valuable – they aren’t making any more of it. Buying property is more than just a matter of exchanging money for land, though. The wise buyer takes the time to educate himself beforehand to ensure that he gets the most out of his investment.

Whether you are buying or selling a home, don’t underestimate how long a sale actually takes to go through. Just because an offer has been made doesn’t mean that the ball is rolling yet. The seller may hesitate on accepting the offer. The buyer may have trouble selling his current home. Either party may have trouble with financing. The buyer may request that repairs are made and the seller may disagree. However long you may think the process is going to take, add another two or three months to be safe.

Understand the setup of the utilities in rental properties. If you are considering a multiple unit rental property, it is important to pay attention to the way that the utilities and heating system have been set-up. Take note of the number of gas, water and electric meters either inside or outside of the home to determine how many services are connected to the property. If there is only one connection, be aware that you will most likely need to include utility costs in the rent payments. You might also want to make a call to the local zoning commission, so that you know if there would need to be any major changes to the utility services. There could be significant costs involved in splitting or combining services and you will want to know this in advance.

When purchasing real estate to use for rental properties be sure to do a careful assessment of the neighborhood. Look at the cars parked in the street. Old cars can tell you a lot about the neighborhood in which the property is located. Trash on the sidewalk or worn down houses can tell you that the neighborhood is less than great and at what level you can expect to rent the property.

First time investors need to be aware of some challenges associated with properties that are listed as ‘for sale by owner’. Many times, investors have purchased these properties (or want to purchase additional properties in the area) and they are simply testing the market to see how much they are actually offered. Dealing with ‘for sale by owner, property may be complicated, and the process of settling on a contract can get fairly lengthy. Therefore, you might want to consider these properties down the road, after you are a more experienced investor.

Investing in real estate in this market can still make you money. With prices well below the cost to replace the building it has shifted to a buy & hold strategy rather than the fast flipping of previous years. But there are some fantastic bargains available now from their peak prices of 2006.

When working with an agent to buy a home, it is a better use of your time to sit down with the agent first and discuss what you’re looking for. Otherwise, how can they find a home that suits you, if they do not know what it is?

Locksmith Oakland

Make sure the locks on a home that you want to purchase are changeable. This is because you should have a Locksmith change your locks as soon as the home is yours. You never know if the previous owners made copies of the keys and therefore has access to your home. If the home has an alarm system, make sure to change the code.

Think about what improvements you will want to make to your new home right after you take ownership of it when determining your budget. You want to be sure that you do not use up all of your savings toward the purchase of you home if you plan on painting, changing the locks, or some other basic improvements.

Tips like these can help prospective real estate buyers, whether they are buying their first piece of property or their twelfth. Real estate is a wide field and it changes rapidly, so there is always something new for the would-be buyer to learn. Taking a bit of handy advice to heart could end up saving the buyer a lot of money.

Rent reduction through best solicitors!

In today’s world where everyone tries to maximize his or her profits it has become really difficult to service as one does not know when one might fall a prey to these dishonest people. Same goes when one searches a house on rent as the tenant or the occupant may face dishonest landlords who cheat to earn huge rents because the tenant does not have a broad knowledge about the correct property price and the rentals. In this case a lawyer, specializing in the same field, or an agent might be of some help in the rent reduction process.

One can easily contact these lawyers or agents as these people have the required knowledge in the specific fields and hence can prove to be beneficial. These lawyers can help one review all the terms and conditions related to lease negotiation and hence can thus help in rent relief.

A high-quality representative or an agent works hard to offer exceptional and dedicated services to both buyers and sellers since they are meticulous, ethical, and positively hope for recommendations and potential business. If one wishes to rent a house or is searching a house to live in on rent basis then he/she should go in for professional firms who specialize in negotiating rent services. One can find many such firms online who cater to serve their clients in the best possible manner. They charge sensibly and make sure that their clients get nothing but the best of the best. Their agents are skilled, knowledgeable and are helpful in every way.

One can now find many big firms online and offline who specialize in this area. They provide their clients with best negotiators/agents in order to assist their clients in the most specialized way. The staff of these firms is highly skilled and practiced and delivers best results at rational prices.

Finally, when a trained representative or agent is involved, he certainly understands that negotiating in reality is knowledge as well as a talent which research, understanding human tendency and treating both parties with reverence and being sincere. The services offered by the lawyers of these firms are not only professional in every way but also prove to be beneficial in the long run as they make sure that no discrepancy arises at a later date. Rent reduction or rent negotiating process is a simple job for these skilled people as they have the necessary experience of many years.

Townhouse Therapy presents Italianate Interiors

The Italianate style flourished between the late 1840’s and the 1870’s. It was more ostentatious then the preceding Federal and Greek Revival rowhouse styles. In the Post Civil War environment, there was a desire by New York’s wealthy to flaunt their growing affluence and nowhere better to show off than with in one’s home. Townhouse facades became wider, taller and more elaborately detailed, and in the interiors of the homes wealth was most evident.

Early Italianate townhouse interiors followed floor plans of the preceding Greek Revival style, identical double parlor rooms with sliding doors, an archway or Corinthian columns between the parlors. Some homes had small sized wood frame extensions used as a tea rooms in the rear parlor extending into the garden and first floor. As New York’s affluence grew, a full sized parlor room was added to the parlor level and the garden level adding to the size and structure of the home and creating homes with triple parlors. This new parlor room was used as a formal dining room. With the advent of the dumb waiter in the 1870’s, servants could send food up from the kitchen to the dining room and the small stair and hatch, which had existed between the lower level kitchen and parlor was removed.

For ventilation and light flow in the middle parlor, Pocket doors were then moved to rear parlor and the only sign of separation between the front and center parlor was an open archway. When indoor plumbing and heat were introduced to homes, and heating homes became easier, the scale of home increased was increased to 25 feet in width and a top a fifth floor was added to the construction of many fine homes.

The majority of the rich detail was on the Parlor level. Elaborate ceiling moldings, chandelier rounds, etched glass pocket doors between the parlors and highly ornate white marble fireplace mantels. As the center focal point of a room, mantels were an essential component in decor. Families and their guests gathered around the fireplace. The rectangular mantels with flat pilasters of the Greek Revival period were replaced by boldly carved rococo features with rounded or arched openings and carved iron plates. Mantel shelves had scalloped edges supported by acanthus or oak leaf faced console at each end. The finest homes had statuary mantels with maidens standing on each side carrying the shelf on their heads like ancient caryatids. Handsome rope moldings with an ornamental keystone at the top center edged the arched metal opening. Later Italianate mantels exhibited scallop shells, baskets of fruits and maidenheads. The mantels of upper level rooms often maintained the Geek Revival style or an echo of the Italianate shapes without the intricate carved detail found on the lower levels.

Complementing the admirable craftsmanship of the mantels were large ornamental gilded mirrors, placed over the fireplace mantels or between the front and rear window walls. These mirrors would extend almost to the top of the parlor wall to the crown moldings. Mirrors were a way to add drama by reflecting the many beautiful furnishings and tapestries, the fine clothing and festivities.

Crown moldings and chandelier rounds became thick and elaborate with foliate and floral detail, rope twisting through the leaves, imitating mantel designs. The advent of paper mache allowed for more intricate designs and easier installation.

Wainscoting, wood or plaster chair rails ran through the hallways up to the top floor. Walls were plaster, however in the parlor and along the parlor level hallway velvet or leather embossed wallpaper were the fashion. Dark mahogany, oak black walnut and satinwood were used for doors, frames and parlor woodwork. These woods contrasted the bright decor of wall coverings and rugs as well as elaborate ceiling moldings.

Many entry doors were double arched doors, with a tiny foyer and another set of double doors. A black and white triangular pattern marble floor or encaustic tiles were laid in elegant patterns on the foyer floor. Interior floors were four two six inch pine with mahogany, or black walnut inlay around the borders. Rugs were fitted to the room to allow the lovely wood inlay to show.

Stairwells curved elegantly up the flights, with mahogany banisters and a elaborate carved newel post. Newel posts were made of rosewood, ebony, or walnut inlay. Balusters were carved in complimentary forms to the newel post. At the top floor a large oval or rectangular skylight shed light down to all the floors and spotlighted the beauty of the banister. The interior of the skylight frame often contained elaborate period plaster decor or forms echoing the crown moldings of the home. The glass in the skylight was often etched in a similar pattern to the parlor pocket door glass.

On the upper, bedroom floors, moldings and fireplace mantels were much simpler Large closets came into fashion in the late 1860’s with well crafted mahogany drawers and cabinets. As plumbing advanced cold and hot running water became a mainstay washbasins were installed in the closet hallway pass through. Ceiling heights on these floors were generally ten feet on the master bedroom level and nine feet on the top floors, reserved for the children and servants.

Coal and wood burning ovens replaced the hearth and iceboxes appeared in kitchens by the 1860’s. Additionally running water and the invention of hot water heater allowed for the creation of bathrooms on the bedroom levels. Polished tubs, mahogany and marble vanities, silver fixtures began to appear in wealthier households.

There are many wonderful examples of Italianate architecture in New York City found both in Manhattan and in Brooklyn including several which can be visited such as the Salmagundi Art Club at 47 5th Avenue, The Merchant’s House at 27th East 4th, and Isaac Van Anden House in Brooklyn Heights. Stroll down Saint Lukes Place in Greenwich Village, along Washington Square North and houses along the Promenade in Brooklyn heights or to view the most authentic examples of homes from the period.